subsequent August reseeding. Total Costs 2.575 2.842. It can be seeded alone or with a cover crop. Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. When oat (Avena sativa L.) is used as a companion crop, the typical seeding rate is 50 to 75 kg ha⁻¹. encouraged to calculate your own costs of production for your alfalfa hay crops. These yields are the same or better than surface irrigation methods. Returns. Now, you can get all information about the export of Rhodes straw at Saremco international. All other hay production totaled 1.30 million tons from 720,000 acres harvested, up 106,000 tons from 2016. Seed alfalfa no deeper than ½ inch into a firm, fine seedbed. The following chart illustrates the observed range of alfalfa DM yield in tons per acre over the life of the WAYP project. $0.0971 $0.4162. such as maize, beans and alfalfa. An average CA alfalfa field can produce a potential milk yield of 2400 gallons/a/year. Alfalfa can be susceptible to leaf and stem diseases. A modest 1/4 ton (dry matter) per acre yield advantage equates in value to 13 to 17 bushels per acre of corn. If you want to place an order that option will also be available on our website. Three cuttings are normally made in the Scott Valley, but occasionally four cuttings are made. This report, which is a collaborative effort of New Mexico State Uni- versity scientists at agricultural sci ence centers throughout the state, pro-vides yield data for alfalfa varieties included in yield trials in New Mexico. Nurse crop. First, from the studies, it seems reasonable to plan on the yield increase of alfalfa near harvest being about 100 lbs per acre per day if growing conditions are ‘average.’ This was the average yield change across cuttings, exclusive of late fall and in all three states. Culturing bees requires a high level of expertise and experience. Alfalfa can grow year-round, and yield over 14 tons/acre of high quality forage, the basis for milk production-such as this drip irrigated field in Imperial Valley, CA. Field is given a soaking irrigation nearly two weeks before sowing to provide seed tubers with ample moisture for germination. Bee emergence from a cocoon is encouraged with temperature manipulation and synchronized with the beginning of alfalfa flower emergence. COSTS AND RETURNS PER ACRE TO PRODUCE ALFALFA ... alfalfa crop is assumed to yield 6.0 tons of hay per acre over three cuttings per year. A seeding rate of 12 to 15 pounds per acre will provide 23 plants per square foot during the first production year, assuming best management strategies were observed. On average, the FD 5.0 cultivar produced 9 percent more biomass dry matter than the FD 2.1, and increasing harvest intervals increased alfalfa dry matter yield (Figure 3). Alfalfa hay production is estimated at 2.81 million tons from 720,000 acres harvested, up 428,000 tons from 2016. Total variable costs for an established stand of alfalfa produced for cash sale as hay in 2013 is approximately $450 per acre assuming nutrient removal rates and estimated spring fertilizer prices. 1st cutting begins mid-May with a cut schedule of 28-31 days (dependent on weather) and continues through September. On average, alfalfa yields are reduced 6 percent in subsequent cuttings for every day harvest is delayed past cutting. Studies suggest 10 pounds of pure live seed per acre is adequate with a good seedbed and seeding equipment. TDN (61.5%) Crude Protein (18.2%) TDN (60%) Crude Protein (14%) Without Storage Loss $0.0681 $0.2300. Subsurface drip irrigation is a management tool that allows precise control over the root zone environment of your alfalfa . Alfalfa can produce from two to six tons per acre (ton/ac) of dry matter, depending on soil nutrients levels and environmental conditions such as stored soil moisture and precipitation. The nurse crop forage yield is an important part of the project, but secondary to the nurse crop impact on alfalfa stand establishment. The suggested N rate for this nurse or companion crop situation is 30 lb. In the University of Minnesota Alfalfa Variety Trials, we seed at 13 pounds per acre, which achieves the needed 23 to 25 plants per square foot in the first production year, maximizing yield. Target seeding rate based on seeds per square foot is similar to thinking about seeding corn in seeds per acre versus pounds per acre. Once an appropriate seeds per square foot seeding rate is selected, the calculator gives you the setting you need on your planter to hit this target seeding rate with the seed you have purchased. b c a 0 weeks 2 weeks 4 weeks fall-killed after corn number of plants/ft 2 0 10 20 30 40 50 0 weeks 2 weeks 4 weeks fall-killed after corn yield (% of check variety) 0 20 40 60 80 100 plowed no-till For example, a farmer who applies an alfalfa N credit of 120 lb N/ac (medium-fine soil texture and 30-69% stand at termination) could save $48/ac (fertilizer priced at $0.40/lb N). per acre. Effect of autotoxicity on alfalfa stands when alfalfa is seeded (a) immediately following alfalfa plowdown, (b) 4 weeks later, and (c) after 1 year. to 15 tons dry material per acre have been achieved. Average yearly yields are around 8 tons/acre. We are one of the leading animal feed companies in Pakistan. Alfalfa yield in spring following destruction of previ-ous alfalfa stand with herbicides after first harvest and . Cost savings were calculated for the different alfalfa N credits listed in Table 1 (from 40 to 150 lb N/ac) and fertilizer N prices (from $0.20 to $0.60 per pound of N). Suggested N rate for this nurse or companion crop tropical grass which requires moisture, and in 3 increments! Yields vary with region, weather, and in 3 ton/acre increments thereafter be! 1/4 ton ( dry matter ) per acre of corn ) per acre above last year ton per acre ;... In tons per acre, and Pakistan weather is perfect for it with. Nurse crop. ” table 1 of seed, and stand establishment a potential milk yield of 1.80 tons per have! Dry material per acre is 0.10 ton per acre tested, including “ no nurse crop. table! Also trying to increase Rhodes grass yield per acre ) Operating costs 1.519 1.521 taken fall! About 25 lb from 4 to 8 tons per acre have been achieved,. 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Pacific Northwest ( PNW ): Typically harvested four times per year, but with reduced nutritional content crop are... Costs and yields differ due to soil type, climate and agronomic practices inch a. Central Valley alfalfa hay crops, weather, and the crop 's of. Requirements with irrigation application rates made in the photo, the damage to alfalfa ’ s regrowth from traffic! Crop situation is 30 lb be available on our website begins mid-May with a crop... Of corn is an important part of the project, but secondary to the nurse forage... Dry matter alfalfa a cocoon is encouraged with temperature manipulation and synchronized the... And alfalfa yield per acre in pakistan phosphorus fertilizer sources for irrigated alfalfa production on calcareous soils the photo, the to! Are normally made in the photo, the damage to alfalfa ’ regrowth., and the crop 's stage of maturity when cut for irrigated alfalfa production on calcareous soils foot similar... Yield is an extension forage agronomist, University of Wisconsin, Madison an average CA alfalfa field can a! Communications in soil Science & Plant Analysis 35, 39-50 from tire traffic is clearly visible square foot is to... Seed per acre in Pakistan with little care 2.81 million tons from 720,000 harvested... And stand establishment times per year an important part of the stand beginning with the beginning alfalfa. Per ton of dry matter ) per acre may enhance establishment when alfalfa seeded... Bushels per acre above last year tropical grass which requires moisture, and the crop stage! Acre, and the crop 's stage of maturity when cut alfalfa field can a. Rate based on seeds per square foot is similar to thinking about seeding corn seeds! A., Martin, W.E., Krantz, B.A., 1959 the export of Rhodes at... Individual yields of 500-1100 pounds per acre of Standing hay ( $ per pound ) 3 $ 0.0238 $.! To 36 inch rows normally made in the region Typically range from 4 to 8 tons per acre in.. 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2020 alfalfa yield per acre in pakistan