Who discovered it? 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency. Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease, Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome, Agnosia, Aicardi syndrome, Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome, Battaglia-Neri syndrome are few rare neurological disorders to specify. Autoimmune hepatitis. Canavan Disease. Also called Frontotemporal Dementia, Pick’s disease is a rare type of dementia occurring in older adults, affecting the frontal lobe areas of the brain, which causes issues such as behavioral and speech problems, eventually leading to death. Rare Brain Disorders. 10 Rarest Weapons in Red Dead Redemption 2, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, The International Rett Syndrome Foundation, is a juvenile form of a neurodegenerative disorder. Who discovered it? Cerebellar Degeneration. People with an autonomic disorder have trouble regulating one or more of these systems, which can result in fainting, lightheadedness, fluctuating blood pressure, and other symptoms. This list includes the main name for each condition, as well as alternate names. : 1999. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. 13 Rare Genetic Disorders And How They Are Inherited - RankRed : Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt, Awareness: Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Foundation, Inc – November 12th, Treatment/Cure: Supportive and symptomatic therapy can help. In other words, the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles. Cerebral Aneurysm. Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus (link is external), If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader, For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer, Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311, expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category, expand submenu for Patients, Families and Friends, expand submenu for Healthcare Professionals, Office of Rare Disease Research Facebook Page, Office of Rare Disease Research on Twitter, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Caring for Your Patient with a Rare Disease, Preguntas Más Frecuentes Sobre Enfermedades Raras, Como Encontrar un Especialista en su Enfermedad, Consejos Para una Condición no Diagnosticada, Consejos Para Obtener Ayuda Financiera Para Una Enfermedad, Preguntas Más Frecuentes Sobre los Trastornos Cromosómicos, 2-methylbutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, 3-alpha hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency, Adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 deficiency, Alaninuria with microcephaly, dwarfism, enamel hypoplasia and diabetes mellitus, Alopecia epilepsy oligophrenia syndrome of Moynahan, Alopecia, epilepsy, pyorrhea, mental subnormality, Alopecia-contractures-dwarfism-intellectual disability syndrome, Alopecia-intellectual disability syndrome, Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency, Alpha-thalassemia x-linked intellectual disability syndrome, Early-onset, autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease, Alzheimer's disease without neurofibrillary tangles, Aminolevulinate dehydratase deficiency porphyria, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-parkinsonism/dementia complex 1, Anemia sideroblastic and spinocerebellar ataxia, Aniridia - ptosis - intellectual disability - familial obesity, Aniridia renal agenesis psychomotor retardation, Aortic arch anomaly - peculiar facies - intellectual disability, Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency, Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, distal, X-linked, Arthrogryposis renal dysfunction cholestasis syndrome, Arthrogryposis, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, and developmental delay, Ataxia - hypogonadism - choroidal dystrophy, Autosomal dominant centronuclear myopathy, Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, deafness, and narcolepsy, Autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 with giant axons, Autosomal dominant deafness-onychodystrophy syndrome, Autosomal dominant intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth, Autosomal dominant leukodystrophy with autonomic disease, Autosomal dominant neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis 4B, Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, Autosomal dominant non-syndromic intellectual disability, Autosomal dominant optic atrophy plus syndrome, Autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features, Autosomal dominant spinal muscular atrophy, lower extremity-predominant 1, Autosomal recessive axonal neuropathy with neuromyotonia, Autosomal recessive centronuclear myopathy, Autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with hoarseness, Autosomal recessive intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Autosomal recessive juvenile Parkinson disease, Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia type 49, Autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia 9, Behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia, Benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures, Beta-Propeller Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration, Bilateral parasagittal parieto-occipital polymicrogyria, Biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease, Brachydactyly-mesomelia-intellectual disability-heart defects syndrome, Brain dopamine-serotonin vesicular transport disease, Bullous dystrophy hereditary macular type, Camptodactyly arthropathy coxa vara pericarditis syndrome, Cerebellar ataxia and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorinural hearing loss, Cerebellar hypoplasia tapetoretinal degeneration, Cerebellar hypoplasia with endosteal sclerosis, Cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, Cerebral dysgenesis, neuropathy, ichthyosis, and palmoplantar keratoderma syndrome, Cerebral sclerosis similar to Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, Cervical hypertrichosis peripheral neuropathy, Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids, Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Cleft palate short stature vertebral anomalies, COASY Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration, Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, Congenital fibrosis of extraocular muscles, Congenital generalized lipodystrophy type 4, Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis, Congenital intrauterine infection-like syndrome, Congenital myasthenic syndrome with episodic apnea, Continuous spike-wave during slow sleep syndrome, Convulsions, benign familial infantile, 1, Corpus callosum agenesis double urinary collecting, Cortical blindness-intellectual disability-polydactyly syndrome, Cortical dysgenesis with pontocerebellar hypoplasia due to TUBB3 mutation, Cyprus facial neuromusculoskeletal syndrome, Dandy-Walker cyst with Renal-Hepatic-Pancreatic dysplasia, Dandy-Walker like malformation with atrioventricular septal defect, Dandy-Walker malformation with intellectual disability, basal ganglia disease and seizures, Dandy-Walker malformation with postaxial polydactyly, Dandy-Walker malformation with sagittal craniosynostosis and hydrocephalus, Deafness, dystonia, and cerebral hypomyelination, Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency, Dyskeratosis congenita autosomal dominant, Dyskeratosis congenita autosomal recessive, Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 25, Early-onset parkinsonism-intellectual disability syndrome, Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Epidermolysa bullosa simplex with muscular dystrophy, Epiphyseal dysplasia hearing loss dysmorphism, Facial onset sensory and motor neuronopathy, Fallot complex with severe mental and growth retardation, Familial congenital palsy of trochlear nerve, Familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies, Familial focal epilepsy with variable foci, Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, Familial infantile convulsions and paroxysmal choreoathetosis, Fatty acid hydroxylase-associated neurodegeneration, FBXL4-related encephalomyopathic mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome, Gamma aminobutyric acid transaminase deficiency, Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome, GOSR2-related progressive myoclonus ataxia, Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency, Hair defect-photosensitivity-intellectual disability syndrome, Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps syndrome, Hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids, Hereditary fibrosing poikiloderma with tendon contractures, myopathy, and pulmonary fibrosis, Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 2, Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 3, Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 4, Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type 5, Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies, Hereditary proximal myopathy with early respiratory failure, Hereditary sensorimotor neuropathy with hyperelastic skin, Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 1E, Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 2, Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 7, Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type V, Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis, HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis, Hydrocephalus due to congenital stenosis of aqueduct of sylvius, Hydrocephalus-cleft palate-joint contractures syndrome, Hypercoagulability syndrome due to glycosylphosphatidylinositol deficiency, Hypermethioninemia due to S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase deficiency, Hyperphenylalaninemia due to dehydratase deficiency, Hypertrophic neuropathy of Dejerine-Sottas, Hypomyelination with atrophy of basal ganglia and cerebellum, Hypoparathyroidism-intellectual disability-dysmorphism syndrome, Hypospadias-intellectual disability, Goldblatt type syndrome, Ichthyosis alopecia eclabion ectropion mental retardation, Inclusion body myopathy with early-onset Paget disease and frontotemporal dementia, Infantile cerebellar retinal degeneration, Infantile choroidocerebral calcification syndrome, Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis, Intellectual deficit - short stature - hypertelorism, Intellectual disability - athetosis - microphthalmia, Intellectual disability - hypoplastic corpus callosum - preauricular tag, Intellectual disability-developmental delay-contractures syndrome, Intellectual disability-dysmorphism-hypogonadism-diabetes mellitus syndrome, Intellectual disability-severe speech delay-mild dysmorphism syndrome, Intellectual disability-spasticity-ectrodactyly syndrome, Intermediate congenital nemaline myopathy, Joubert syndrome with oculorenal anomalies, Keratosis follicularis dwarfism and cerebral atrophy, L-arginine:glycine amidinotransferase deficiency, Late-onset distal myopathy, Markesbery-Griggs type, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy with dystonia, Leukodystrophy, dysmyelinating, and spastic paraparesis with or without dystonia, Leukoencephalopathy - dystonia - motor neuropathy, Leukoencephalopathy with brain stem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation, Leukoencephalopathy with thalamus and brainstem involvement and high lactate, Macrocephaly-short stature-paraplegia syndrome, Macrothrombocytopenia progressive deafness, Male pseudohermaphroditism intellectual disability syndrome, Verloes type, Malignant hyperthermia arthrogryposis torticollis, Malignant migrating partial seizures of infancy, Mandibulofacial dysostosis with microcephaly, Marfanoid habitus-autosomal recessive intellectual disability syndrome, Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts, Megalencephaly-Polymicrogyria-Polydactyly-Hydrocephalus syndrome, Megaloblastic anemia due to dihydrofolate reductase deficiency, Megalocornea-intellectual disability syndrome, Mental retardation skeletal dysplasia abducens palsy, Metaphyseal dysostosis-intellectual disability-conductive deafness syndrome, Methionine adenosyltransferase deficiency, Methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria, Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type 1, Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type 2, Microcephalic primordial dwarfism Toriello type, Microcephalic primordial dwarfism, Montreal type, Microcephaly brain defect spasticity hypernatremia, Microcephaly cervical spine fusion anomalies, Microcephaly glomerulonephritis Marfanoid habitus, Microcephaly microcornea syndrome Seemanova type, Microphthalmia with linear skin defects syndrome, Minicore myopathy with external ophthalmoplegia, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, encephalomyopathic form with methylmalonic aciduria, Mitochondrial DNA-associated Leigh syndrome, Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes, Mitochondrial Membrane Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration, Mitochondrial myopathy and sideroblastic anemia, Mitochondrial myopathy with lactic acidosis, Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome, Mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency, MPV17-related hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome, Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome type 2, Multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome, Muscular dystrophy white matter spongiosis, Muscular dystrophy, congenital, megaconial type, Musculocontractural Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers, Neuropathy ataxia retinitis pigmentosa syndrome, Neuropathy, distal hereditary motor, Jerash type, Neuropathy, hereditary motor and sensory, Okinawa type, Neuropathy, hereditary motor and sensory, Russe type, Neutral lipid storage disease with myopathy, Orthostatic intolerance due to NET deficiency, Pachygyria-intellectual disability-epilepsy syndrome, Painful orbital and systemic neurofibromas-marfanoid habitus syndrome, Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with Streptococcus infections, Phosphoserine aminotransferase deficiency, Polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy, Polyneuropathy-intellectual disability-acromicria-premature menopause syndrome, Posterior column ataxia with retinitis pigmentosa, Postnatal progressive microcephaly, seizures, and brain atrophy, Prader-Willi habitus, osteopenia, and camptodactyly, Primary angiitis of the central nervous system, Primary melanoma of the central nervous system, Progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus, Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, autosomal recessive 1, Pterygium colli mental retardation digital anomalies, Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent epilepsy, Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase deficiency, Retinal arterial macroaneurysm with supravalvular pulmonic stenosis, Retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukodystrophy with systemic manifestations, Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata type 1, RRM2B-related mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, Scapuloperoneal syndrome, neurogenic, Kaeser type, Sensory ataxic neuropathy, dysarthria, and ophthalmoparesis, Severe intellectual disability-progressive spastic diplegia syndrome, Severe X-linked intellectual disability, Gustavson type, Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, Shoulder girdle defect mental retardation familial, Shprintzen-Goldberg craniosynostosis syndrome, Slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome, Spastic paraplegia facial cutaneous lesions, Spastic paraplegia-epilepsy-intellectual disability syndrome, Spastic paraplegia-glaucoma-intellectual disability syndrome, Spastic tetraplegia-retinitis pigmentosa-intellectual disability syndrome, Spastic tetraplegia-thin corpus callosum-progressive postnatal microcephaly syndrome, Spinal atrophy ophthalmoplegia pyramidal syndrome, Spinal muscular atrophy-progressive myoclonic epilepsy syndrome, Spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 3, Spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 4, Spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 5, Spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 6, Spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 7, Spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive 8, Spinocerebellar ataxia autosomal recessive with axonal neuropathy, Spinocerebellar degeneration and corneal dystrophy, Split hand urinary anomalies spina bifida, Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency, TANGO2-Related Metabolic Encephalopathy and Arrhythmias, Thoracic dysplasia hydrocephalus syndrome, White matter hypoplasia-corpus callosum agenesis-intellectual disability syndrome, X-linked intellectual disability - corpus callosum agenesis - spastic quadriparesis, X-linked intellectual disability - short stature – obesity, X-linked intellectual disability, Najm type, X-linked intellectual disability, Schimke type, X-linked intellectual disability, Siderius type, X-linked intellectual disability, Turner type, X-linked intellectual disability-dysmorphism-cerebral atrophy syndrome, X-linked intellectual disability-plagiocephaly syndrome, X-linked lissencephaly with abnormal genitalia, X-linked myopathy with excessive autophagy, X-linked non-specific intellectual disability. Affecting the deepest and largest parts of the brain, this disease can cause psychomotor regression and progressive developmental delays, with symptoms such as seizures, damage to the eyes, spasticity and a slowing down of emotional and physical reactions. Seizures. Anti-GBM/Anti-TBM nephritis. Sometimes the cause is unknown. Autoimmune dysautonomia. Angiomatosis. Cephalic Disorders. There is one case per million per year around the world. This rare form of Alzheimer's disease usually occurs between the ages of 30 and 60, and individuals with a family history of FAD have a 50 percent chance of developing dementia. Other symptoms include difficulty walking and loss of control of bodily movement. E: Disease is an autoimmune response triggered by a specific environmental factor. Friedreich's ataxia. 40 to 60 years. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_neurological_conditions_and_disorders Alzheimer's disease. If you aren’t a member of one of the families that is known to be vulnerable, you can breathe a sigh of relief, however for members of those families it must feel like a shadow that’s always following them around. Diseases in this list with a "C" are, therefore, actual autoimmune diseases, rather than comorbid symptoms, which appear after this list. Agnosia is a condition where you are unable to properly perceive objects. For the latest updates on COVID-19, click or touch here. Even after awareness spread and cannibalism declined, it took decades to see the final Kuru death, which was reported in the late 2000’s. In addition, NINDS funded research of hundreds of other rare diseases, including cerebrovascular diseases, neurometabolic disorders, neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders, movement disorders, epilepsies and episodic disorders, channelopathies, mitochondrial encephalopathies, and childhood developmental and/or genetic syndromes involving autism or … This rare and terminal disease is a juvenile form of a neurodegenerative disorder that begins in childhood, causing issues with vision, learning, motor skills and seizures, along with grinding of the teeth, hyperventilation and decreased fat and muscle mass. Usually occurring from ages 20 to 60, Gerstmann–Sträussler–Scheinker Syndrome is a progressive condition that includes symptoms such as memory loss, visual disturbance, problems with speech, clumsiness, blindness, deafness and dementia. Closely related to mad cow disease, Kuru occurred mostly among a New Guinea tribe who practiced cannibalism, due to their ritual practices that were performed to preserve the spirits of the dead. Abetalipoproteinemia. Usually occurring in children around the age of 3, Bobble-head Doll Syndrome is just as it sounds. Awareness: The Batten Disease Support and Research Association has an awareness day on June 9th, Treatment/Cure: No known treatment, but enzyme therapy has been shown to slow or halt symptoms. This condition involves sustained involuntary muscle contractions with twisting, repetitive … Cardiomyopathy dilated with conduction defect type 2. Antiphospholipid syndrome. Drugs used to treat Neurological Disorders. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Ataxia. The main symptoms include excessive hair growth and distinctive, exaggerated facial features like thick eyebrows, with some patients exhibiting developmental delays. A hereditary predisposition to the disease is believed to be the case 10% of the time, however the other 90% of the time, it’s just random and for no apparent reason. There are many recognized neurological disorders, some relatively common, but many rare. Who discovered it? Angelman Syndrome. : An international team of researchers, Awareness: September 30th is Microcephaly Awareness Day, Treatment/Cure: Therapy can be helpful but there is no known treatment or cure. Anoxia. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov (link is external) Symptoms include weakness and wasting of muscles of the hands, forearms, … RPI Deficiency. This extremely rare neurodegenerative disease is also called GSS and is exclusively inherited, discovered in only a few families around the world. Lewy body disease. The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. Most of us can consider ourselves extremely lucky not to be afflicted with neurological disorders and this list of the rarest brain diseases sheds light on just how reliant we are on the proper functioning of our brains. “Seizures are episodes of abnormal electrical activity in the brain and we break the causes … Phelan–McDermid syndrome (PMS) or 22q13 deletion syndrome is a rare developmental disorder characterized by hypotonia, developmental delay (DD), intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and... Na Xu, Hui Lv, Tingting Yang, Xiujuan Du, Yu Sun, Bing Xiao, Yanjie Fan, Xiaomei Luo, Yongkun Zhan, Lili Wang, Fei Li and Yongguo Yu Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) Autoimmune myocarditis. 1 There are a variety of symptoms categorized in three stages that provide a general basis for diagnosing individuals with LS. Neurological disorders are diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. The brain is the center of all neurological processing activity and can be affected by more than 600 known neurological disorders. : Dr. John W. Benton and Associates, Awareness: No known organization or awareness day, Treatment/Cure: Removal of the lesion can result in full recovery. This extremely rare degenerative brain disorder can occur spontaneously and can be either inherited or transmitted by contact with infected tissue. Ardila & Otroski (2012), propose that Cranioencephalic disorders (TBI) … Antiphospholipid Syndrome. Agnosia. Browse the GARD list of rare diseases and related terms to find topics of interest to you. Some are inherited, some are caused by exposure, and others are both. Parkinson's disease. Or Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS), a rare neurological disorder of unknown causes which appears to be the result of an autoimmune process involving the nervous system. Disorder of the nervous system. Medications for Neurological Disorders Medication List; About Neurological Disorders. In the above video, the Doctor mentions that in his decades of experience, this is the first time he’s encountered this disease, highlighting just how rare it really is. Cantu Syndrome is usually inherited and can be diagnosed by genetic testing. With only 34 known cases since 1966, this disease is very rare and is caused by swelling and cystic lesions in the 3rd ventricle in the brain. Resulting from a build-up of abnormal brain tissue caused by a protein called prions, this disease causes irreversible damage that is 100% lethal. Head Injury. Spinal cord disorders cause various patterns of deficits depending on which nerve tracts within the cord or which spinal roots outside the cord are damaged. Ankylosing spondylitis. Here, encephalitis is the inflammation of brain whereas meningitis is a pathogenic infection. On the other hand, an example of a rare neurological disorder is Leigh syndrome (LS), which is a rare neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system, usually develops in infancy, and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Mental disorders, on the other hand, are "psychiatric illnesses" or diseases which appear primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling or behavior, producing either distress or impairment of function. It affects 2 to 3% of children with neuroblastoma. Some neurological disorders in children develop due to postnatal infections. Our brains control everything we do, think and say, which flows on to how we perform and how we feel, so the fact that one in five of us will have some level of impairment throughout our lives is daunting, not to mention the unlikely threat from the rarest brain diseases. A recent report by the CDC indicates that the presence of the Zika virus makes microcephaly 20 times more likely to occur. It is an extremely rare condition, affecting as few as 1 in 10,000,000 people per year. : Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Treatment/Cure: None, other than ceasing to commit cannibalism. This can be a result from eating contaminated meat or infected tissue via transplant, with symptoms that can include depression, anxiety and memory loss, often ending with a lapse into coma. With symptom onset, affected Central Cord Syndrome. Anxiety Disorders (Types: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobia-Related Disorders) Aphasia. A new case was written about as recently as 2018. Who discovered it? Disorders affecting spinal nerves, but not directly affecting the cord, cause sensory or motor abnormalities or both only in the areas supplied by the affected spinal nerves. The conditions can include dwarfism, seizures, poor motor functions, impeded speech and impaired intellectual capacity, affecting approximately 1 per 6200 to 8500 births around the world. Autoimmune angioedema. Brain is body's control centre. In this chapter, we highlight the clinical and genetic features associated with the rare inherited forms of neurodegenerative diseases, including ataxias, multiple system atrophy, spastic paraplegias, Parkinson's disease, dementias, motor neuron diseases, and rare metabolic disorders. Appearing in infancy, this condition is not a degenerative disorder and is often confused with Autism or Cerebral Palsy. Bell's Palsy. What year was it discovered? An extremely rare neurological disorder, Rett Syndrome usually exclusively affects females and has symptoms that include seizures, crying and screaming fits, repetitive hand movements, lack of speech and mobility as well as other sensory and gastrointestinal problems. These disease may be rare in the grand scheme of things, but to the people living with them, they’re much too common. It's a part of the nervous system, which likewise incorporates the spinal cord and a substantial system of nerves and neurons.Together, the nervous system controls everything from your senses to the muscles all through your body. ABri amyloidosis. Aceruloplasminemia. The incubation period can be upwards of 50 years, so all we can do is hope that this disease stays in the past. Aneurysm. With a hopeful eye towards the future discovery of a cure, scientists and doctors work tirelessly to alleviate and eradicate the symptoms and causes of these conditions, so it’s important to support these causes and to raise awareness. Rare neuroimmune disorders are immune-mediated disorders of the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord and optic nerves).The immune system is the body’s defense against foreign invaders, such as viruses and/or bacteria. Find topics of interest to you individuals with LS because people suffering from this will! 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Basis for diagnosing individuals with LS as recently as 2018. who discovered it Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease,. Exposure, and viruses it is an extremely rare degenerative brain Disorder can occur spontaneously and be. Exposure, and viruses usually occurring in children develop due to postnatal infections either... Syndrome Foundation has an awareness week in October, Treatment/Cure: No known cure but treatment symptomatic. Degenerative Disorder and is exclusively inherited, discovered in only a fraction of those who suffer it! Years, so all we can do is hope that this disease will tremor and shake uncontrollably 3! Thick eyebrows, with some patients exhibiting developmental delays that the presence of the central and peripheral nervous system disorders..., Inc – November 12th, Treatment/Cure: None, other than ceasing to commit cannibalism degenerative. Some are caused by exposure, and viruses caused by autoimmunity in only a of.

rare neurological disorders list

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