In: Proceeding of the IUSSP conference. To do so, we employ an augmented STIRPAT model in an ecological analytic framework with a fixed effect regression model that incorporates … Manila. Energy Policy 49:488–498, Zhang N, Yu K, Chen Z (2017) How does urbanization affect carbon dioxide emissions? J Int Glob Econ Stud 6(2):45–61, Cole MA, Neumayer E (2004) Examining the impact of demographic factors on air pollution. The projected rate of economic growth is inversely related to the pace of population growth. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-020-01833-y, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-020-01833-y, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Pakistan’s population is equivalent to 2.57% of the total world population. The major objective of the study was to review the political instability in Pakistan and its impact on Pakistan Economic Growth. (2012) found out the impact of infrastructure on economic growth with reference to Pakistan. Health expenditures have also positive but insignificant impact on economic growth. Annual average urban population growth rate was 3.4 percent during 1990–2005 which was the highest in South Asia (Iqbal & Awan, 2015). The impact of financial development on the economic growth of Pakistan was not well researched (Khan, Qayyum & Sheikh, 2005). Population Situation in Pakistan • According to the economic survey of Pakistan 2010-11, the total population of Pakistan is 177.1 million against the 173.5 million in last year. This analysis will help decision makers in developing strategies and policies to accelerate economic growth, human capital formation and trade liberalisation in Pakistan. Increase in population growth and degradation of Pakistan’s environmental resources will impair its economy, deteriorate its social relations, and even destabilise its political system.We need to realise and admit that population growth is a problem in Pakistan, before we discuss the impact of the increasing population of on society and explain how this issue can be solved. Since economic growth depends on rate of saving and investment and productivity of labour, we will discuss the impact of population growth on these factors. Environ Dev 23(3):1–9, Hanif I, Aziz B, Chaudhry IS (2019a) Carbon emissions across the spectrum of renewable and nonrenewable energy use in developing economies of Asia. Energy 141:170–178, Hanif I (2018a) Impact of fossil fuels energy consumption, energy policies, and urban sprawl on carbon emissions in East Asia and the Pacific: a panel investigation. Clean Technol Environ Policy 19(2):437–450, Pachauri S, Jiang L (2008) The household energy transition in China & India. J Clean Prod 166:952–966, Liu Y, Zhou Y, Wenxiang W (2015) Assessing the impact of population, income, and technology on energy consumption and industrial pollutant emissions in China. This work is performed to strengthen the academic collaboration among scholars from China, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia. http://www.who.int/gho/urban_health/situatio_trend/urban_population_growth_text/en/. Exogenous drivers include population growth, economic development, technical change, and two alternative deforestation policies. Clean Techn Environ Policy 22, 923–936 (2020). BOX. IDEC DP2 Ser 2(5):1–35, Sadorsky P (2014) The effect of urbanization on CO2 emissions in emerging economies. Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Working Papers, Art. The authors have not received any funding to perform this research work and there is no conflict of interest to disclose. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(22):21701–21712, Hanif I, Gago-de-Santos P (2017) The importance of population control and macroeconomic stability to Reducing environmental degradation: an empirical test of the environmental Kuznets curve for developing countries. This study attempts to analyse the influence of urbanization, economic growth, and population size on residential carbon emissions in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) member nations for the period 1994 to 2013. Out of these countries, Pakistan has the highest population growth rate at around 1.90%. J Clean Prod 180:595–602, Yazdi SK, Dariani AG (2019) CO2 emissions, urbanization and economic growth: evidence from Asian countries. Ecol Econ 46(3):351–365, Zhang C, Lin Y (2012) Panel estimation for urbanization, energy consumption and CO2 emissions: a regional analysis in China. The study examines the impacts of population and the problems due to population increased and its influence on economic growth. Thomas Malthus theorized in 1798 that too much population growth too fast would overtax the Earth's resources and eventually lead to disease, starvation and death. The implications for the financial system from … The Impact of Tax on Economic Growth of Pakistan: An ARDL Approach 1Najid Ahmad, 2Arslan Ahmad, 3Kausar Yasmeen 1Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Sub-Campus Layyah, Pakistan 2Economics Department University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan 3Economics Department University Of Utara, Malaysia This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. It would be pertinent to thrash the facets of the negative impact on the economy from the COVID-19. The population impact on the national economy is measured in terms of aggregate and per capita income, savings, employment, consumption, and dependence on import capital. Foreign direct investment (FDI) is generally considered as a key driver of global economic integration. IMPACT OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES ON INFLATION IN PAKISTAN ATIF ALI JAFFRI, FATIMA FAROOQ AND FAISAL MUNIR* Abstract. Subscription will auto renew annually. Clean Technol Environ Policy 21(4):871–885, Le QC, Andres RJ, Boden T, Conway T, Houghton RA, House JI et al (2012) The global climate change 1950–2011. Rev Econ Stat 80(4):549–560, Ehrhardt-Martinez K (1998) Social determinants of deforestation in developing countries: a cross-national study. Thail Econ Soc 3:258–267, Poumanyvong P, Kaneko S, Dhakal S (2012) Impact of urbanization on national residential energy use and CO2 emissions: evidence from low-, middle-, & high-income countries. The study examines the impacts of population and the problems due to population increased and its influence on economic growth. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 41:594–601, Cetin M, Ecevit E (2015) Urbanization energy consumption and CO2 emission in Sub-Saharan countries: a panel cointegration and causality analysis. Popul Environ 26(1):5–21, Dai D, Liu H (2011) An empirical research and STIRPAT model analysis of urbanization and CO2 emissions in China. These results demonstrate that rapid population growth is a real problem in Pakistan because it contributes to lower investment growth and diminishes the savings rate. To do so, we employ an augmented STIRPAT model in an ecological analytic framework with a fixed effect regression model that incorporates Driscoll and Kraay standard errors. Abstract: The study analyzed the effects of population on economic growth in case of Pakistan. In some years the population has a real problem for all over the world. Researchers have done an attempt to fill this gap. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(15):15057–15067, Hanif I (2018c) Energy consumption habits and human health nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study used…, Determinants of population growth: empirical evidence from Pakistan (1960-2017), Impact of Population on Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan, The Impact of Population Growth on Economic Development in Pakistan, Effect of population on economic development in Nigeria: A quantitative assessment, Population growth and economic development : New empirical evidence from Thailand, The impact of population change on economic growth in Kenya, The Relationship Between Population Growth and Economic Growth in Mexico, Population Growth and Economic Growth Performance in Nigeria (1981 – 2014), Impact of Population Growth on Current Account Balance of Pakistan, POPULATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, The Impact of Population Growth on Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Uganda, Population Growth and Economic Growth/Development: An Empirical Investigation for Barbados, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. Sustainability 7(5):5609–5627, School of Public Administration, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China, Finance Department, College of Business, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Energy 171:493–501, Hoechle D (2007) Robust standard errors for panel regressions with cross-sectional dependence. The study examines the impacts of population and the problems due to population increased and its influence on economic growth. We take the time series data with the sample size from 1981 to 2010. Stata J 7(3):281–312, Holtedahl P, Joutz FL (2004) Residential electricity demand in Taiwan. - 149.28.141.51. The study analyses the impact of urbanization on economic growth of Pakistan from 1975-2012. Pakistan ranked six in the list of countries by population. In some years the population has a real problem for all over the world. Whereas there is negative relationship of infant mortality rate, population per bed on economic growth. Soc Sci Q 83(1):226–243, Hanif I (2017) Economics-energy-environment nexus in Latin America and the Caribbean. This study found that there is a statistically significant and positive relationship between infrastructure development and economic growth which means that the greater Energy Econ 26:201–224, Hu Z, Tang L (2013) Exploring the relationship between urbanization and residential CO2 emissions in China: a PTR approach. FI is Appl Energy 100:277–284, Wang Q, Wu S, Zeng Y, Wu B (2016) Exploring the relationship between urbanization, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions in different provinces of China. Energy Policy 107:678–687, Zhao Y, Wang S (2015) The relationship between urbanization, economic growth, and energy consumption in China: an econometric perspective analysis. This analysis will help decision makers in developing strategies and policies to accelerate economic growth, human capital formation and trade liberalisation in Pakistan. Population growth rate of Pakistan was 2.7% in 1960’s. • Energy saving potential needs to be realized with better energy policies. Monetary policies have played the most crucial part for all the inflation hikes in Pakistan. Due to high population growth, Pakistan’s Government decided to control the Population growth rate. A cross-country panel data analysis. Ecol Econ 70(7):1344–1353, Martinez-Zarzoso I, Bengochea-Morancho A, Morales-Lage R (2007) The impact of population on CO2 emissions: evidence from European countries. The study analyzed the effects of population on economic growth in case of Pakistan. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(13):13453–13463, CAS  Environ Resour Econ 38:497–512, McConnell CR, Brue SL, Flynn SM (2012) Macroeconomics 19e: principles, problems, and policies. http://www.iussp.org/Brazil2001/s00/S09_04_Shi.pdf. ADVERTISEMENTS: It is important to note here that in the present day’s industrialised development countries,, in spite of Mathus’ view to the contrary population growth was beneficial for economic growth rather than retarding it. On the other hand, more recent theories suggest that population growt… Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. In first twenty years of creation of Pakistan, there was no change in fertility rates and it was 6 to 7 child per women and population growth rate increased to 3%. Adv Inf Sci Serv Sci (AISS) 3(11):848–852, Driscoll JC, Kraay AC (1998) Consistent covariance matrix estimation with spatially dependent panel data. The economy of Pakistan (Urdu: معیشتِ پاکستان ‎) is the 23rd largest in the world in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP), and 42nd largest in terms of nominal gross domestic product. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 52:1107–1122, Liddle B, Lung S (2010) Age-structure, urbanization, and climate change in developed countries: revisiting STIRPAT for disaggregated population and consumption-related environmental impacts. Energy Strategy Rev 21:16–24, Hanif I (2018b) Impact of economic growth, nonrenewable and renewable energy consumption, and urbanization on carbon emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. Impact of Population on Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan Rana Nabeel Ahmed COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Vehari, Pakistan. FDI inflows are often seen as important catalyst for economic growth in the developing countries. • Population growth rate is 2.1 % and in the list of most populous countries, Pakistan is at 6th number 8. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Source: Based on data provided by the International Energy Agency (2015) for the period 1994–2013, Source: Based on the WDI, published by World Bank (2016), Source: Based on the WDI, published by the World Bank (2016), ADB (2012) Key indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012. One example of the impact of population on economic growth can be seen in Detroit, where the local infrastructure suffered dramatically as people moved away. • Commercial consumption will increase 414% and industrial 136%. At the time that he made his prediction, the world's population was only at 800 million, but now, it's over 7 billion. ISBN 818530563-3, Martinez-Zarzoso I (2008) The impact of urbanization on CO2 emissions: evidence from developing countries. With the population growing at 1.8pc a year, the prospects are dismal. 344, Rabigh, 21911, Saudi Arabia, Department of Economics, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan, Department of Economics, The University of Central Punjab, Avenue 1، Khayaban-e-Jinnah, Pir Mansur Road، Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, You can also search for this author in Accessed 4 May 2016, World Bank (2016) World development indicators database. Soc Forces 77(2):567–586, Ehrhardt-Martinez K, Crenshaw EM, Craig Jenkin J (2002) Deforestation and the environmental Kuznets curve: a cross-national investigation of an intervening mechanism. This study focused on the relationship that exists amongst the fields of education and economic growth in Pakistan in 1980- 2014 periods. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 54:1563–1579, WHO (2016) Urban population growth. Clean Technol Environ Policy 12(3):291–299, International Energy Agency (2015) Energy balances of non-OECD countries 2015 (database on CD-ROM). The current paper attempts to analyse the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the economic growth of Pakistan. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 57:83–93, Shi A (2001) Population growth and global CO2 emission. Correspondence to The prime objective of this paper is to find out the impact of population growth on economic development of Pakistan, in order to be clear this paper have added important variable which are related to population growth and affect economic growth. This study empirically investigates the impact of demographic changes on inflation in Pakistan for the period 1988-2014. The empirical results show that a U-shaped relationship exists between urbanization and residential carbon emissions: residential carbon emissions initially decrease with an increase in urbanization, reach a turning point at 25.33% and then increase with urbanization. The study used the Unit root test of ADF, co integration and Auto-regressive distributed lags test to analyze the results. Keywords: Population Growth Rate; Economic Growth; Labour Force Participation Rate; Trade Openness, Co- The Pakistan Development Review 47 : 4 Part II (Winter 2008) pp. Kahlil Ahmad National College of Business Administration and Economics, (NCBA&E), Lahore, Pakistan. www.adb.org/publications/key-indicators-asia-and-pacific-2012, http://www.iussp.org/Brazil2001/s00/S09_04_Shi.pdf, http://www.who.int/gho/urban_health/situatio_trend/urban_population_growth_text/en/, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-020-01833-y. Retrieved April 2, 2019 from http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de//55379/, Ilyas SZ, Khattak AI, Nasir SM, Qurashi T, Durrani R (2010) Air pollution assessment in urban areas and its impact on human health in the city of Quetta, Pakistan. According to the economic survey of Pakistan 2010-11, the total population of Pakistan is 177.1 million against the 173.5 million in last year. Each family in Pakistan on average has 3.1 children. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is important for Pakistani economy. International Energy Agency IEA/non-OECD, Paris, IPCC (2018) Global warming of 1.5 °C. The study utilizes time series data over the period of 1991-2015. All this increases in population density resulting from natural population growth and migrants settling in these peri-urban areas. INTRODUCTION Globalisation has diverse definitions and concepts.1 Globalisation has many facets and has a variety of social, political and economic implications. A China study of extended STIRPAT model. In fact, the last census […] This study attempts to analyse the influence of urbanization, economic growth, and population size on residential carbon emissions in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) member nations for the period 1994 to 2013. • Energy consumption will increase 41% by 2030. The city filed for bankruptcy in 2013 and used the freedom from debt to reinvest in the local economy. In some years the population has a real problem for all over the world. Part of Springer Nature. Today foreign investment and export promotion have only a small impact on Pakistan’s economic growth. The relationship between population growth and growth of economic output has been studied extensively (Heady & Hodge, 2009).Many analysts believe that economic growth in high-income countries is likely to be relatively slow in coming years in part because population growth in these countries is predicted to slow considerably (Baker, Delong, & Krugman, 2005). To do so, we employ an augmented STIRPAT model in an ecological analytic framework with a fixed effect regression model that incorporates … Research highlights We examine global food production development until 2030 with a partial equilibrium model of agriculture and forestry. As an equivalent result with the literature studies, the existence of a positive and significant relationship between education and economic growth is evident. 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impact of population on economic growth in pakistan

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