First flown in 1969, Concorde entered service in 1976 and continued flying for the next 27 years. Concorde was retired due to the cost of flying the aircraft. Developed at the time of slide rules, drafting tables and early computers, the Anglo-French supersonic transport was a technological tour-de-force that operated in airline … http://www.concordesst.com/performance.html. Concorde flew at Mach 2.2 - which is 2.2 times the speed of sound (2,162 kilometres per hour) not sure if that it fully loaded or empty though. On November 29, 1962, Britain and France signed a treaty to share costs and risks in producing an SST. What It Was Like To Fly In The Concorde Supersonic Airplane. This new passenger aircraft would fly at up to four and a half times the speed of sound, Mach 4.5, compared to up to Mach 2.5 for the original Concorde. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/technology/Concorde, Concorde - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Concorde - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The aircraft had a top speed of 1,353mph while … You can sign in to give your opinion on the answer. While they travel at an average speed of around 575 mph, Concorde more than doubles that. Concorde has a tricycle landing gear layout, with a nose gear and 2 main gear. Built in the 1960s as part of a joint venture between the United Kingdom and France, the Concorde was the first commercial aircraft of its kind. The supersonic aircraft was noisy and extremely expensive to operate, which restricted flight availability. The resulting financial losses led both British Airways and Air France to make New York City their only regular flight destination. concorde is now retired. It has gone down in the history books for the fastest crossing between New York and London, but just how fast did it go? The fastest ever time for the crossing, the fastest ever set by a passenger aircraft, was 2 hours 52 minutes and 59 seconds. Concorde’s speed has traditionally been measured in Mach. Concorde had an average cruise speed of 1,155MPH more than twice the speed of conventional aircraft Credit: Alamy How fast could it fly? The answer is complicated. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Separate from this configuration is a tail bumper gear that is fitted to prevent any damage to the fuselage and engine nacelles, should the aircraft suffer too high a rotation angle during take off or landing. Financial losses led both airlines to cut routes, eventually leaving New York City as their only regular destination. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Concorde supersonic passenger transport, which first flew in 1969 and entered commercial service in 1976. The Concorde plane is really enormous, with landing wheels some four feet in diameter. facts about concorde it measured 204ft long had a wingspan of 83.5 ft, height of 37ft 5 rolls royce engines given 38.000lbs of thrust each and had a takeoff speed of 220 knots which is about 250mph and a cruising speed of 1350mph more than twice the speed of light and flew at an average height of 60.000ft about 11 miles high hope this helps, Concorde's maximum speed is Mach 2.2 (1,450 mph, 2,330 km/h), Below is a link that will help you further with the history of Concorde. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Rolls-Royce engines were so powerful that they made taxiing difficult. The Concorde was a supersonic passenger-carrying commercial airplane. Today in 1973, the Concorde crossed the Atlantic for the first time. The Concorde gave us supersonic transport. The result was a technological masterpiece, the delta-wing Concorde, which made its first flight on March 2, 1969. The development costs of the Concorde were so great that they could never be recovered from operations, and the aircraft was never financially profitable. Concorde,when at cruising altitude of 60,000 feet reached its maximum speed of 2.04 Mach (2,179 km/h or 1353 mph) Due to Supersonic boom created by it, It would fly over the Pacific or Atlantic ocean (over water) 379 views View 1 Upvoter British Aerospace and the French firm Aérospatiale were responsible for the airframe, while Britain’s Rolls-Royce and France’s SNECMA (Société Nationale d’Étude et de Construction de Moteurs d’Aviation) developed the jet engines. The plane crashed shortly after takeoff, killing all 109 people aboard and four others on the ground. The Concorde’s production and operation was an enormous financial undertaking for both the United Kingdom and France, contributing to sky-high ticket pricing for most consumers. Taken in April 1985 the cool photo in this post is the only picture of Concorde flying at supersonic speed.. British Aircraft Corporation and Aérospatiale of France built the airframe, which was powered by four Rolls-Royce/SNECMA engines. Nevertheless, it proved that European governments and manufacturers could cooperate in complex ventures, and it helped to ensure that Europe would remain at the technical forefront of aerospace development. It was the fourth aircraft and the first to have the features and the shape of the future production aircraft. The Concorde was designed by four companies: in the U.K., British Aerospace and Rolls-Royce; and in France, Aérospatiale and SNECMA (Société Nationale d’Étude et de Construction de Moteurs d’Aviation). Concorde had an average cruise speed of 1,155MPH more than twice the speed of conventional aircraft Credit: Alamy How fast could it fly? The Concorde was the first major cooperative venture of European countries to design and build an aircraft. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This translates to about 1,354 mph. The image was taken by Adrian Meredith who was flying a Royal Air Force (RAF) Tornado jet during a rendezvous with the Concorde over the Irish Sea in April 1985. In comparison, one of the fastest modern subsonic jets, the Boeing 747-400, travels at just 0.855 Mach. Mach 2.2 - just over twice the speed of sound. All 109 persons on board, including 100 passengers and 9 crew members, died; 4 people on the ground were also killed. it was mostly used by business men, rich people and anyone needing to travel quickly across the atlantic. The Concorde’s retirement was due to a number of factors. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Do commercial airliner pilots still manually adjust fuel mixture forclean or rich or isvitcall computerized now? ? The Concorde made its first successful flight on March 2, 1969, with a maximum cruising speed of 2,179 km (1,354 miles) per hour, more than twice the speed of sound. But why did this supersonic plane fail? Concorde, the first supersonic passenger-carrying commercial airplane (or supersonic transport, SST), built jointly by aircraft manufacturers in Great Britain and France. It had a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound, at Mach 2.04 (1,354 mph or 2,180 km/h at cruise altitude), with seating for 92 to 128 passengers. However, the aircraft’s noise and operating expense limited its service. Why are World War 2 airplanes much faster than World War 1 airplanes? The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British–French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated until 2003. It was the first to fly to the United States (on 20 September 1973 to Dallas, Texas). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In contrast, the Concorde could cruise at 1,350 mph (2,172 kph, or Mach 2) at an altitude of 60,000 ft (18,300 m). why are Covid-19 vaccines going to be transported by airplanes and not by ships or trucks...? The standard cost of a one-way ticket from London to New York was £4,350 and up to £8,292 for a return. Some other interesting facts about flight: the sound barrier, about 690 m.p.h., was first passed in 1947 and the first supersonic passenger plane flew 19 years later in 1976. It is one of only two supersonic transports to have been operated commercially; the other is the Soviet-built Tupolev Tu-144, which opera… An Air France Concorde jet crashes upon takeoff in Paris on July 25, 2000, killing everyone onboard as well as four people on the ground. Concorde F-WTSA (102) first flew on 10 January 1973 from Toulouse. The aircraft flies at twice the speed of sound (Mach 2), which is around 1350 mph (depending on the temperature of the surrounding air). Because the Concorde traveled faster than the speed of sound and almost twice as high as other commercial jets, it had several features that set it apart from other aircraft: it's flights took place from 1976 to 26 nov 2003 the date of its last flight.