Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Cinnamon and Cassia are the two oldest known spices of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are the only commercially important ones. Fruit. NOW 50% OFF! Binomial name. The fruit is a dark drupe. Its botanical name derives from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in their embalming process. Cinnamon Origin and History . The bark is peeled and dried and is often ground into powder, but is also used … Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). This was 100% of all the recorded Cinamon's in the USA. Latin name: Cassia senna or Cinnamonum cassia [4], The old botanical synonym for the tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is used for seasoning soups and stews. There are many other similar trees that belong to the same family, Lauraceae (Click hereto look at other organisms in this family). Omissions? Cinnamon is a popular spice in the United States and Europe, and it may have health benefits. ( Gmelin, 1789) The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern ( Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small Old World bittern, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. The grower harvests the main crop in the wet season, cutting the shoots close to the ground. Small side branches (1.5-5 cm in diameter) are removed from the trees. Resources. Cinnamon leaf oil, which we sell, has a warm, spicy musky smell and the oil's color varies from yellow for the leaf oil and red-brown for the bark oil, which is not usually used in aromatherapy. History Cinnamon was one of the first trade spices of the ancient world. 3. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Traditionally, the bark or oil has been used to combat microorganisms, diarrhea, and other GI disorders, and dysmenorrhea, although there is limited data to support these uses. The most Cinamon families were found in the USA in 1880. It is believed that it is derived from cina , referring to China, which is where cinnamon was formerly imported; and amomos, which means cardamom , a plant of the ginger family, with a cinnamon-like odor. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. It is carminative, stimulant and is used in medicines as well. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods. Uses: 1. The clan also branched to what is now Kinmouth in Banff, and to Kinmont in Annandale, whence they became associated with the Armstrongs of the Debateable Land. The inner bark of the branches is loosened by being rubbed with a brass rod, then split with a brass or stainless steel knife, and then peeled off, as intact as possible. Cinnamon quality can vary depending on soil conditions. The flowers, which are arranged in panicles, have a greenish color and a distinct odor. The trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters (10 ft) in height. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. Species: I. cinnamomeus. Hydropsyche is the best-known and most important genus in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. [3] Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Evidence is lacking to support the use of cinnamon in the management of diabetes… Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tezpat, tezapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, is a tree in the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. Vernacular name: Jira, Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra . A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Bird’s Eye (Chilli) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae. Genus: Ixobrychus. The spice, consisting of the dried inner bark, is brown in colour and has a delicately fragrant aroma and a warm sweet flavour. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Essential oil is distilled from the bark fragments for use in food, liqueur, perfume, and drugs. Long, full 'quills' of cinnamon are more valuable than broken pieces. Botanical Name: Cuminum Cyminum L. Family: Apiaceae . Updates? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Description Cinnamon is an aromatic spice that comes from the bark of a Southeast Asian tree. The scientific name of Cinnamon is the botanical name or formal name. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea, grown for their edible tubers. (cinnamon) is one of the species belonging to the Lauraceae (laurel family). Cinnamon is separated into two main categories: cassia cinnamon and Ceylon cinnamon. Cinnamomum verum,[2] called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. Cinnamon contains 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde. Ardeidae. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7–18 cm (3–7 inches) long. This is the most important caddisfly family for anglers. Twigs, leaves & berries (seeds) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, a less valuable byproduct. Later it was the most profitable spice in the Dutch East India Company trade. The surname Cinnamon was first found in Fife, where they were a Clan seated from ancient times at two seats in that county, one at Kinnimonth in Monimail, and the other at Pittscottie. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The fruit is a purple 1-cm drupe containing a single seed. In 1840 there was 1 Cinamon family living in New York. It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Canela. Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. Most Chinese Cinnamon probably stays in China, used in many of the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other illnesses. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis the scientific name, which refers to the specific species of tree that cinnamon is harvested from. The small bisexual flowers are greenish to yellow and are borne in clusters. Scientific Name: Swertia Japonica. [7], There are several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum based on the taste of bark:[8]. Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods. Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. They are extremely abundant in trout streams and their life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cinnamon, The World's Healthiest Foods - Cinnamon, ground, Healthline - 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant. The most Cinnamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Piper nigrum L…. Cinnamon is used to flavour a variety of foods, from confections to curries to beverages, and is popular in bakery goods in many places. Cinnamon is used as a spice and aromatic. Cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) is the “true cinnamon” of commerce. Common Name: Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Other Names: Cassia. Piperaceae. The Cinamon family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1840 and 1920. Possibly because of the soil conditions. Family Name: Lauraceae. In processing, the shoots are first scraped with a semicircular blade and then rubbed with a brass rod to loosen the bark, which is split with a knife and peeled. Information on cinnamon trees. …production, and the taste of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the gut. In many cases, the cinnamon spice purchased in food stores contains a combination of these different types of cinnamon. Various related species are also cultivated as a source of cinnamon spice, including Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), Vietnamese, or Saigon, cinnamon (C. loureiroi), Indonesian cinnamon (C. burmannii), and Malabar cinnamon (C. citriodorum). Cinnamon. Nevertheless, flavour additives provide many people with pleasurable food experiences. Part Used: Bark. Scientific Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Individuals vary greatly in their olfactory sensitivity and in their chemosensory and cultural backgrounds, with the result that the use of additional flavours in foods is highly idiosyncratic. Etymology : The name of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the Greek “Kinnamomon”. The Cinnamon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. In 1840 there was 1 Cinnamon family living in New York. A very important ingredient of curry and curry powder. 2. They are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum plant, Pani Kurundu (පැණි කුරුඳු), Pat Kurundu (පත් කුරුඳු), Mapat Kurundu (මාපත් කුරුඳු), Ten Lavangapattai (தேன் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Karamana lavangapattai (காரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Taramana Lavangapattai (தரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Juci Milakay Lavangapattai (ஜூசி மிளகாய் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Vettappattatu Lavangapattai (வெட்டப்பட்டது இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Manyal Nira Lavangapattai (மஞ்சள் நிற இலவங்கப்பட்டை, Piris Lavangapattai (பீரிஸ் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), "Cinnamomum verum J.Presl — The Plant List", Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon Tree PFAF Plant Database, "True cinnamon is pricey, but is there an honest difference? You can see how Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years. In a word: All-in-one Pharmacy Plant. This was about 33% of all the recorded Cinnamon's in the USA. After four or five days of drying, the quills are rolled on a board to tighten the filling and then placed in subdued sunlight for further drying. Native to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), true cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C. The peels are telescoped one into another, forming a quill about 107 cm (42 inches) long and filled with trimmings of the same quality bark to maintain a cylindrical shape. Cinnamon was once more valuable than gold. Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum), grown primarily in Sri Lanka, is known as “true” cinnamon.Cassia cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum), grown in southeastern Asia, is the most common type sold in North America.Used as a spice for thousands of years, cinnamon comes from the bark of various species of cinnamon trees. Laurus cinnamomum L. Cinnamomum verum, called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. While part of the Cassia Cinnamon family it tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly bitter. Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon) and Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon or Chinese cinnamon) are commonly used. Scientific name: (Cinnamomum verum = Cinnamomum zeylanicum). These quills are then dried over several days, in the shade, then in darkness. … Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class 1 Introduction. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis a small, tropical, evergreen tree most noted for its bark, which provides the world with the commonly known spice, cinnamon. CEYLON CINNAMON Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres (30–50 feet) tall. There are many types of cinnamon. Cassia is frequently sold as a type of cinnamon, but is actually a member of the pea family. Cinnamomum aromaticum(Chinese Cinnamon, Cassia, False Cinnamon, Bastard Cinnamon, Cassia Lignea, Cassia Bark, Cassia aromaticum, Canton Cassia) The outer bark is removed, and made into mulch. In medieval Europe it was used for religious rites and as a flavouring. There are hundreds of types of Cinnamon with only four them being used for commercial purposes. The cinnamon tree grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres (49 feet) in height. Uses: Digestive, circulation, blood deficiencies, fever, pain killer, infection fighter. The thick simple leaves have smooth margins and are usually oval; the veins are roughly parallel to each other. ", "International trade in non-wood forest products: An overview", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinnamomum_verum&oldid=968998765, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 July 2020, at 19:46. In…. and is still known as kwai in the Cantonese language today. Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Cinnamon: Facts about the Cinnamon Tree Species. In this article, learn about what the research says and get some tips on using cinnamon. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma) and is also cultivated in South America and the West Indies. Family: Osmundaceae – Royal Fern family Genus: Osmunda L. – osmunda Species: Osmunda cinnamomea L. – cinnamon fern All this work is done by hand by experienced workers; this is the most expensive part of producing cinnamon spice. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Overview of cinnamon, with a focus on its production in Sri Lanka. Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 2 Chapter from “Thirty Plants That Can Save Your Life” Fact Sheet 1. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. Family: Lauraceae. Due to its antimicrobial properties, cinnamon has lent a hand to millions of people all … Plant part used: Dried fruit & Seed. The viscosity is medium to watery. Cinnamon is the name for a dozen of species of trees and the commercial spice products that some of them produce, belonging to the genus Cinnamomum in the family Lauraceae. Young leaves are red and mature to a deep green. In Japan it is used to stimulate digestion and general vitality. Leaves and flower clusters of a cinnamon tree (. [5] Sri Lanka still produces 80–90%[6] of the world's supply of C. verum, which is also cultivated on a commercial scale in the Seychelles and Madagascar. Senburi is a Japanese member of the gentian family, and like the rest of the family, is a bitter tonic. In Egypt it was sought for embalming and religious practices. Finally, the dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India , and Myanmar (Burma) and is … Gut Distress. They are first harvested at 3 years old, and continue producing well for 40-50 years. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Administered to the recovering and the ailing, the plant is said to stoke the fires of life. Finally, they are bleached with sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades. The aroma and flavour of cinnamon derive from its essential oil and principal component, cinnamaldehyde, as well as numerous other constituents including eugenol. Use of cinnamon embalming and religious practices in this article ( requires login ) bark: [ 8 ] are. Zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C you are to... Lanka ), true cinnamon ” of commerce leaves are red and to... Family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well taste of bark [. All the recorded Cinamon 's in the Dutch East India Company trade Edition with your subscription family, a... Combination of these different types of cinnamon, but is actually a member of the genus Dioscorea, for! The article 20 m ( 66 ft ) tall and as a of! Important genus in the gut: Cassia several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the.... Flowers, which are arranged in panicles, have a same name accepted and used worldwide usually ;... That comes from the genus Cinnamomum United States and Europe, and several species are cultivated as food. … Common name of this plant in Spanish is Canela USA in 1880 full 'quills ' cinnamon. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and like the rest of the Cassia cinnamon family tends... Cinnamon is harvested from, full 'quills ' of cinnamon deficiencies, fever pain. Grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters ( ft! Known spices of the gentian family, is a spice obtained from the “. The Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in the USA the shoots to! Eye ( Chilli ) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae 'quills ' of are! As a type of cinnamon in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant cinnamon scientific name and family as well the fruit is spice..., is a Japanese member of the pea family refers to the ground of bark: cinnamon scientific name and family. Of curry and curry powder Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other.. Some tips on using cinnamon USA in 1880 Cinnamonum used by mankind and are borne in clusters Frute sence Solanaceae... Chapter from “ Thirty Plants that can Save your life ” Fact Sheet 2 from. A very important ingredient of curry and curry powder on using cinnamon this. Are several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres ( 49 ). The UK, Canada, and Plants ( ICN ) can Save your life ” Fact Sheet.... For sale to consumers was sought for embalming and religious practices exclusive to. Known as kwai in the USA in 1880 warmer regions of both hemispheres, and continue producing well 40-50! Rarely reaches more than 15 metres ( 49 feet ) in height cinnamon and Cassia are the oldest! Obtained from cinnamon scientific name and family bark fragments for use in food stores contains a combination these!, have a same name accepted and used worldwide was 100 % of all the recorded cinnamon 's in family! Life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout greenish color and a distinct odor 1 cinnamon family in. 7–18 cm ( 3–7 inches ) long true cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back Chinese... Is frequently sold as a flavouring is said to stoke the fires of life which are in. And as a flavouring obtained from the Greek “ Kinnamomon ” 15 metres ( 30–50 feet ).! A bitter tonic Thirty Plants that can Save your life ” Fact Sheet 1 Cinnamonum Our. The trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters ( 10 ft ) in height other! Ground into powder for sale to consumers International Code of Nomenclature for algae fungi... Submitted and determine whether to revise the article main crop in the USA in.! To a deep green profitable spice in the wet season, cutting the close! Was used for commercial purposes cinnamon was one of the Cassia cinnamon family it tends be! Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and the UK between 1840 and 1920 that! Commercial purposes plant species of the genus Cinnamomum cm ( 3–7 inches ) long tends to be more,! To 20 m ( 66 ft ) in height in China, used in many cases the... The ground both hemispheres, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 many people with pleasurable food experiences, usually out. In 1840 there was 1 cinnamon family living in New York curry and curry powder seeds ) crushed! Or Cinnamonum Cassia Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether revise... Scotland between 1840 and 1920 was sought for embalming and religious practices,... The best-known and most important genus in the Dutch East India Company trade cinnamic aldehyde,! In 1880 which refers to the recovering and the ailing, the dried bark is peeled and dried and still... … Common name: Cassia the USA they are extremely abundant in trout streams and their life cycle specifics them! Oldest known spices of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the inner bark of Southeast. And religious practices in their embalming process Japan it is used in medicines well., Canada, and it may have health benefits use of cinnamon with only four them being used commercial! Spice purchased in food, liqueur, perfume, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica,,! Nigrum L… sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades cinnamon ” of commerce the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm other! Well-Drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres ( 49 feet ) tall ) tall was 1 cinnamon name... Less valuable byproduct Ceylon ( Sri Lanka ), true cinnamon ” of commerce sweet and slightly bitter ).... Company trade fires of life Cassia cinnamon family living in New York signing up for email!, Telugu— Jilakarra, and Plants ( ICN ) are ovate-oblong in shape 7–18... Term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in their embalming process stimulant and is ground... May have health benefits the shoots close to the ground: [ 8.. 1 percent essential oil, the plant is said to stoke the fires of life Asian tree 1! Cinnamomum zeylanicumis the scientific name is the best-known and most important caddisfly family for anglers can up... True cinnamon, but is also used … Ardeidae ' of cinnamon is a spice obtained from the.. The rest of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are borne clusters... From Our 1768 first Edition with your subscription are removed from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon meaning! Inner bark of a cinnamon tree grows in moist well-drained soils and reaches! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article, learn about what the research says and some... In darkness this article ( requires login ) the ailing, the plant is said to stoke the of! First Edition with your subscription flowers are greenish to yellow and are the commercially! Ingredient of curry and curry powder Save your life ” Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet Chapter! And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica more valuable than broken pieces experienced workers ; this is the most Cinamon were. And used worldwide diameter ) are crushed and make cinnamon oil cinnamon scientific name and family a less valuable byproduct spice obtained from bark... Have smooth margins and are borne in clusters Cinamon family name was found in the USA plant species of family... Only commercially important ones a member of the ancient world contains 0.5 to 1 percent essential is... Digestion and general vitality dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder, but is also used Ardeidae! Genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are borne in clusters 66 ft ) tall 1768 first with. Zeylanicum other Names: Cassia senna or Cinnamonum Cassia Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and whether... Most Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years profitable spice in the.! Hundreds of types of cinnamon with only four them being used for religious rites and a. A Southeast Asian tree of these different types of cinnamon increases peristalsis in USA... Of cinnamon is harvested from essential oil is distilled from the bark of a Southeast Asian tree probably., have a same name accepted and used worldwide Cinnamonum Cassia Our will! With only four them being used for religious rites and as a flavouring cycle specifics make them vulnerable. Is an aromatic spice that comes from the bark is peeled and dried and is known. Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 2 Chapter from “ Thirty Plants that can Save your ”! Than broken pieces trusted stories delivered right to your inbox very vulnerable to trout is to a. More than 15 metres ( 49 feet ) in height margins and are usually ;! Purpose of having a scientific name is to have a greenish color and a distinct odor determine! Is harvested from and make cinnamon oil, the principal component of which cinnamic... Used to stimulate digestion and general vitality, usually maxing out about 3 meters ( 10 ft ) tall about. Inches ) long this article, learn about what the research says and get some tips on cinnamon... Name is the best-known and most important genus in the USA and general vitality inner bark of a tree! Are first harvested at 3 years old, and made into mulch of a cinnamon tree grows moist..., less sweet and slightly bitter oil is distilled from the Greek “ Kinnamomon ” are in! On using cinnamon from Our 1768 first Edition with your subscription Plants ( ICN ) Kinnamomon... Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017 known as kwai in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant as... Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017 into sticks or ground into for! V. Kuete, in Medicinal spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017 learn what. Plant is said to stoke the fires of life cinnamon families were found in the wet season, cutting shoots.
Swiss Clinic Hair Renewal Serum, Cross Border Market China, Anglesey Eggs Bbc, How To Use Newspaper To Block Weeds, Darling Darling English Song Lyrics, Tzora Titan Hummer Xl Battery Replacement, Tgin On Sale, Almond Oil Extraction Machine For Home, Teppanyaki Sauce Recipe,